Everest Circuit Trekking

Everest Circuit trekking is designed for those adventure seekers who want to explore the whole Everest region with an enthusiastic spirit. This is an adventure and challenging trek which demands the physical fitness and an experience of doing some high altitude trekking.  Since this is one of the most adventurous and stunning treks in the Khumbu Region the Everest Circuit trekking covers all the beautiful treasure of this region. This is an exceptional journey in the Himalayas offers a unique Sherpa culture and traditions. The trek provides an opportunity to visit the world’s famous Tengboche monastery at 3860m to learn a bit about the Buddhism. 

Everest Circuit Trekking

Fascinating Everest circuit trekking lead us to the home of the legendary Sherpa people, based at the foothills of the highest peak in the world, Mt. Everest at 8848m. Everest circuit trekking follows the highly praised trekking route through the Dudh Koshi to its source the Gokyo Lake which is to the west of the Everest base camp, giving you the benefit to summit Gokyo Peak (5483) offering a fantastic panoramic view of Cho Oyu, Everest and Makalu.
As we cross the Chola pass and return back to Lukla following the route through Everest base camp, Kalapathar down to Tengboche monastery, Everest view hotel, Namche Bazaar and Lukla. On our Everest circuit trekking, we enjoy the awe-inspiring views of Everest including several other similar peaks and explore the Buddhists monasteries located at the world’s highest elevation.

Everest trekking attractions:

Sherpa people:
Sherpas: Sherpa means "easterner" because they came from the Kham in eastern Tibet. One of the first persons to come to Khumbu came by way of the Rolwaling valley and Tashi Lhapcha pass. He opened this valley so other people could come to settle. Later many families came from Tibet over the Nangpa La (pass). He came to Khumbu from Kham Salmo-Gang (east of Tibet). His clan was called Thimi. When he came to Tibet, the people asked where he came from – “the cast part of Kham”. That is how the name Sher-pa, meaning east people, came to be.... See more.

For 600 years, people have migrated from Tibet to these mountain valleys in Nepal. There was a time of great unrest in Tibet when many Lamas, their families and followers left their homes looking for new places to live. They settled in the mountain valleys of northern Nepal. These places came to be called Yolmo (Helambu), Langtang, and Khumbu. Now they live in the Solu-Khumbu district, Sagarmatha zone of Nepal. They live in the highest places. In the Khumbu, they number about 9500 with a total of roughly 55,000 living in all of Nepal. The Sherpa language (a dialect of Tibetan), literature, history and Philosophy came from old Tibetan religious books.

Today approximately 55,000 Sherpas live in Nepal and around 9500 of them live in the Khumbu region on the south side of Everest. Since the 1950s, tourism has become the dominant source of employment and income in the area. Many Sherpas, as well as people from other ethnic groups, work as part of the climbing and tourism industry. While the Sherpa people retain their Buddhist religion and many of their traditional practices, this shift in the local economy and way of life has necessarily meant changes in the Sherpa culture. Among these, there has been a shift from regarding climbing the mountain as blasphemous, to regarding it as a source of economic opportunity and pride. Sherpas hold many impressive Everest records, including most times summitted for men and women, quickest ascent, without oxygen ascent, quickest descent, and most time spent on top and youngest climbers to reach the summit.

Sherpa Religion and Culture
In Solu-Khumbu the most common sect of Tibetan Buddhism is the Nyingmapa, the oldest tradition. Sherpa and Tibetan lamas taught this religion to the people and organized the communities.  These Sherpa and Tibetan Ngakpa (lay lamas) brought teaching from Tibet to Khumbu that were from Books hidden by the founder of Tibetan Buddhism, Guru Rinpoche. Lamas called tertons are incarnations of Guru Rinpoche who rediscovered these hidden teachings. Ter means “spiritual treasure” in Tibetan. A lama named Rigdzin Godem found some of these books, the Chang-ter, hidden in northern Tibet. The other lama, Nyatak – Nyung, found the Lho-ter in southern Tibet. The terton, Terdak Lingpa found the books and wrote the texts used in the Sherpa’s Pujahs, religious rituals.

As more people came to Khumbu, traditions started that helped to unite the villagers and to project the valley. Daily life revolves around each village Gompa/Stupa (temple). Closely tied to Buddhist beliefs are their daily activates of farming, herding and trading. Since the 1950s they have worked for tourists and earned fame on climbing expeditions.  

Sagarmatha (Everest) National Park:
Most of the part of Everest trekking is within the boundary of Sagarmatha( Everest) National Park.  This national park is spread in an area of 1148 square kilometers in Himalayan ecological zone in the Khumbu region of Nepal. The park was established on July 19, 1976 and was inscribed as a Natural World Heritage Site in 1979. The Park includes the upper catchments areas of the Dudhkoshi and Bhotehoshi Rivers and is largely composed of rugged terrain and gorges of the high Himalayas, ranging from 2,860m at Lukla to the top of the world's highest Mountain - Everest at 8,848meters above the sea level. Other peaks above 6,000m are Lhotse, Cho Oyu, Thamserku, Nuptse, Amadablam and Pumori. In this national park barren land above 5,000 m (16,400 ft) comprises 69% of the park while 28% is grazing land and the remaining 3% is forested.

In Everest region you will find varieties of flora and fauna. In the lower forested zone, birch, juniper, blue pines, firs, bamboo and rhododendron grow. Above this zone all vegetation are found to be dwarf or shrubs. As the altitude increases, plant life is restricted to lichens and mosses. Plants stop to grow at about 5,750 meters (18,860 ft), because this is the permanent snow line in the Himalayas.

The forests of Everest (Sagarmatha) National Park provide habitat to at least 118 species of birds, including Himalayan Monal, Blood pheasant, Red-billed chough, and yellow-billed chough. This Park is also home to a number of rare mammal species, including musk deer, snow leopard, Himalayan black bear and red panda. Himalayan thars, langur monkeys, martens and Himalayan wolves are also found in the park.

Tengboche monastery:
Tengboche Monastery is a famous Tibetan Buddhist monastery located in the Tengboche village in Khumjung. This monastery is also known as Dawa Choling Gompa. Situated at 3,860 meters (12,687 ft), the monastery is also the largest Gompa in this region. The monastery was built in 1916 by Lama Gulu with strong links to its mother monastery known as the Rongbuk Monastery in Tibet. However, in 1934, it was destroyed by an earthquake and was subsequently rebuilt. In 1989, it was destroyed for a second time by a fire and then rebuilt with the help of volunteers and international assistance. In the background of this monastery there is good view of Mt. Amadablam, Mt. Everest, Mt. Nuptse, Mt. Tawache, Mt. Thamserku, Mt. Lhotse and others. In Everest trekking area apart from Tengboche monastery, Thame, Khumjung and Pangboche are some other famous monasteries.

Everest Circuit Trekking short itinerary

Day 01: Arrival at Kathmandu airport (1350m).
Day 02:
Fly to Lukla (2880m), 35 minutes and trek to Phakding (2640m), 4 hrs walking.
Day 03: Trek from Phakding to Namche Bazaar (3445m), 6 hours walking.
Day 04: Namche Bazaar Acclimatization day, hike to Everest view hotel.
Day 05: Trek from Namche to Phorste Thanga (3680m), 5 hours walking.
Day 06: Trek from Phorste Thanga to Machhermo (4470m), 5 to 6 hrs walking.  
Day 07: Trek from Machhermo to Gokyo (4790m), 6 hrs walking.
Day 08: Trek from Gokyo to Gokyo Ri (5483m) and back to Gokyo, 5 hrs walking.  
Day 09: Trek from Gokyo to Thangna (4500m), 5 hrs walking. 
Day 10: Cross Cho la pass (5300m) then trek to Dzongla (4710m), 6 to 7 hrs walking.
Day 11: Trek from Dzongla to Lobuche (4900m), 4 to 5 hrs walking. 
Day 12: Trek to EBC (5364m) then back to Gorak Shep (5150m), 7 to 8 hrs walking.
Day 13: Hike to Kala patthar (5545m) and trek down to Periche (4200m), 6 to 7 hrs walking. 
Day 14: Trek from Periche to Tengboche (3860m), 5 to 6 hrs walking.
Day 15: Trek from Tengboche to Namche Bazaar (3445m), 5 to 6 hrs walking. 
Day 16: Trek from Namche Bazaar to Lukla (2880m), 6 to 7 hrs walking.
Day 17: Fly from Lukla to Kathmandu, 35 minutes flight.
Day 18: Final Departure.

Trip cost: Please write us and let us know how many of you are there in your group to do this trek then we will provide you all the necessary information with the cost details as per your group size.

Note: If above itinerary couldn't meet your needs, we can design a tailor-made itinerary to suit your needs. It is also possible to combine with some other activities such as Tibet tours, Bhutan tours, and Jungle safari in Nepal.

Everest Circuit Trekking - itinerary

Day 01: Arrival at Kathmandu airport (1350m).
Upon your arrival at Kathmandu airport, one of our trek leaders greets you and transfer to hotel. Rest and relax. In the evening, we will take you to a typical Nepali restaurant for a welcome dinner. Enjoy the dinner with short brief about your great Everest Circuit trekking. Overnight at hotel.

Day 02: Fly to Lukla (2880m), 35 minutes and trek to Phakding (2640m), 4 hrs walking.
After breakfast at hotel, we take a 35 minute spectacular flight from Kathmandu to Lukla from where our adventure journey really begins. We start our trek to Phakding which is very pleasant hike, on the way we will have a view of Mt. Nupla (5885m), Kusum Kangaru (6367m) and Mount Kwangde range. Overnight at lodge.

Day 03: Trek from Phakding to Namche Bazaar (3445m), 6 hours walking.
We continue trekking along the banks of the Dudh Kosi, crossing the majestic river many times on exciting suspension bridges laden with prayer flags. After entering the Everest National park, the trail climbs steeply with breathtaking views. Namche Bazaar (considered the Gateway to Everest) is home to many quality restaurants, hotels, lodges, shops, money exchange services, internet cafes, ATMs, bank and bakeries. Namche is the biggest town along the Everest trail. Overnight at lodge.

Day 04: Namche Bazaar Acclimatization day, hike to Everest view hotel.
We spend an extra day in Namche Bazaar in order to acclimatize and adjust to the thinning air. We will hike a short distance to a museum that is celebrated for its exhibits of the traditional customs of the Sherpa people. We also hike up the Everest view hotel. From this point, we can see rewarding views of the Himalayas with a stunning sunrise and sunset over the panorama of Khumbu peaks. Overnight at lodge.

Day 05: Trek from Namche to Phorste Thanga (3680m), 5 hours walking.
The trail climbs steeply out of valley through rhododendron forest, juniper and large conifers start to appear as the elevation increases making the trekking very pristine in spring. The trail passes through Yak Kharkas and summer settlements. The views of Khumbi La and Tawache are magnificent throughout the day.  Overnight at lodge.

Day 06: Trek from Phorste Thanga to Machhermo (4470m), 5 to 6 hrs walking.  
We climb a ridge for an excellent view both down the valley to Kengtega and up towards Cho Oyu and descend to a river and again climbs steep to the terminal moraine of the Ngozumpa glacier. We will reach Machhermo by early noon. Overnight at lodge.

Day 07: Trek from Machhermo to Gokyo (4790m), 6 hrs walking.
The trek today takes us at one of our main destinations, Gokyo (4795m). We will make this camp our base for 2 nights as we will have couple of sightseeing and hiking trips around Gokyo. Overnight at lodge.

Day 08: Trek from Gokyo to Gokyo Ri (5483m) and back to Gokyo, 5 hrs walking.  
Early in the morning we have a steep climb up to the top of Gokyo Ri at an elevation of 5483m. There are ample rewards for those who attempt this trip, we get stunning views of the super Gokyo valley, the massive Ngozumpa glacier and an incredible panoramic view of the whole Khumbu Himalayas including the giants Everest, Lhotse, Nuptse, Makalu, Cho Oyu and Gychung Kang. This day we have for acclimatization and afternoon back to the Gokyo valley. Overnight at lodge.

Day 09: Trek from Gokyo to Thangna (4500m), 5 hrs walking.  
Trek to the foot of Cho La pass. Accommodation in Thangna will be very basic and in a dormitory based room because of its remoteness. Overnight at lodge.

Day 10: Cross Cho la pass (5300m) then trek to Dzongla (4710m), 6 to 7 hrs walking.
We start our trek before sunrise at 4 or 5 am to reach the pass by 9 to 10 am dodge bad weather conditions of the noontime. We start to climb steeply that is regularly used and easy to follow. However, the problem may arise due to the altitude and snow. It often causes terrible problems to cross the pass if it is covered by snow. As we reach the top, we are rewarded by the magnificent views then we descend to the Dzongla at noon. Accommodation in Dzongla will be very basic and in dormitory style room because of its remoteness. Overnight at lodge.

Day 11: Trek from Dzongla to Lobuche (4900m), 4 to 5 hrs walking.  
A rather easier and shorter trekking route will take us to Lobuche after 4 to 5 hours of trekking. Overnight at lodge.

Day 12: Trek to EBC (5364m) then back to Gorak Shep (5150m), 7 to 8 hrs walking.
This is difficult day walk along the Khumbu glacier and up to Everest base camp at 5364m the closest you can get to Mt. Everest without mountaineering equipment. There will likely be a team there about attempt the summit. The view of the Khumbu Icefall from base camp is spectacular. We return back to Gorak shep for the night. Overnight at lodge.

Day 13: Hike to Kala patthar (5545m) and trek down to Periche (4200m), 6 to 7 hrs walking.  
This will be one of the most difficult yet rewarding days of the trek.  Most of morning in this day is spent climbing Mt. Kala patthar, a small peak (by the Himalayan standards) at 5643m. The ascent is demanding but the climber gets the most magnificent mountain panorama; Everest, the highest point on the planet at 8848m, towers directly ahead and on all sides loom the other giants, Nuptse, Mt. Pumori, Chagatse, Lhotse and countless others. We make a quick descent to Gorak shep, a tiny hamlet at 5180m then trek down to Periche. Overnight at lodge.

Day 14: Trek from Periche to Tengboche (3860m), 5 to 6 hrs walking.
To reach Tengboche we pass through Pangboche village, which is known to have highest permanent settlement throughout the year in Khumbu region. The trail ascends and descends at a slow speed. Upon our arrival at Tengboche village we come across the famous legendary monastery, the largest in the Khumbu region. There is a trekker's visiting centre where local Sherpas make an exhibition of different goods to be sold to interested trekkers. They also show a slide presentation about Sherpa people, culture, Buddhist religion and environmental development programs. Overnight at lodge.

Day 15: Trek from Tengboche to Namche Bazaar (3445m), 5 to 6 hrs walking.  
From Tengboche, the trail descends steeply and slightly towards Phunki Tenga (3250m.) crossing the Dudh Koshi. Now we have a glimpse of panoramic views of the great peaks of the Khumbu including Mt Everest, Nuptse, Lhotse, Ama Dablam, Thamserku and Kusum Kangaru. Passing by several villages and numerous teashops, the trail ascends steeply to Sanasa where local Sherpa people sell the Tibetan goods. The way from Sanasa to Namche has small ups and downs with view of forests, scenery and mountains. Overnight at lodge.

Day 16: Trek from Namche Bazaar to Lukla (2880m), 6 to 7 hrs walking.
The last day of our trek leads from Namche Bazaar via Monjo to Lukla. The trek is pleasant, except for few short uphill climbs and then down to the Bhote- Koshi River crossing it three times. The last uphill climb of 45 minutes will bring us to Lukla for our overnight stay.

Day 17: Fly from Lukla to Kathmandu, 35 minutes flight.
After last breakfast in the Himalayan airport at Lukla, we take an early morning flight back to Kathmandu which takes about 35 minutes. Upon arrival at airport we transfer to hotel. Rest and relax till evening. One of our team leaders will come in the evening to take you to a typical Nepali restaurant to have a delicious farewell dinner. Enjoy the meal and drinks and celebrate your great Everest circuit trekking. Overnight at hotel.

Day 18: Final Departure.
After breakfast, we drop you to international airport for your flight back to home. We wish you have a safe and sound flight and see you again in the future.

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Everest Circuit trekking Facts:

Activities: Trekking

Start/End: Kathmandu

Destination: Everest Region.

Trip Duration: 18 days

Max. Altitude: 5545 meters

Group Size: Min. 2 to Max.12

Best Season: Mid February to June, September to December

Trip Grade: Strenuous plus

Daily walking Hour: Approx. 4-6

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