Everest Gokyo Ri Trek
Everest Gokyo Ri trek offers a marvelous scenery of the remote Gokyo valley and its beautiful turquoise lakes, moonscape-like glaciers, and breathtaking mountain views including Mt. Everest , Lhotse, Makalu and Cho Oyu; four of the eight highest peaks in the world! The 360degree view from Gokyo Ri (5480mm) is the best in the Khumbu region!
The trek begins with a scenic flight from Kathmandu to Lukla and trek all the way to Namche Bazaar where we will stop two nights to acclimatize. Namche Bazaar is a popular trading center of the Khumbu region and people walk from as far always as Tibet every Saturday to sell their home products here. The town is also the hub, onto which each trail converges, so exotic trekkers, yaks, mules and Local Sherpa people compete for space in this amphitheater style town. The initial portion of Everest Gokyo Ri trek is the same as trekking to Everest base camp.
After having two days proper acclimatization in Namche Bazaar, our trek will head up the valley leaving the usual Everest trail and following the rivers run off from the Ngozumpa glacier. After two days walk we will stop again in the village of Machhermo for another rest day and the chance to hike up Machhermo Ri. Our next stop will be the Gokyo Lake.
When we arrive into high mountain valley called Gokyo we are welcomed by a string of cobalt blue lakes that continue for the three day hike to Gokyo village which sits at the foot of Gokyo Ri (5480m) a huge black mound or rock and dirt. The next morning, we are increased to take the three hour hike to the summit of this black, rocky mound to witness the 360-digree Himalayan view offered only from this vantage point. The Himalayas stand like giants guarding the border into Tibet. From Gokyo Ri we will see much more than Mt. Everest… there are glorious views of many of the other over 8000meter mountains from here as well. After exploring the Gokyo Ri we descend directly to Machhermo, Namche and Lukla then flight back to Kathmandu.
Everest trekking attractions:
Sherpas: Sherpa means "easterner" because they came from the Kham in eastern Tibet. One of the first persons to come to Khumbu came by way of the Rolwaling valley and Tashi Lhapcha pass. He opened this valley so other people could come to settle. Later many families came from Tibet over the Nangpa La (pass). He came to Khumbu from Kham Salmo-Gang (east of Tibet). His clan was called Thimi. When he came to Tibet, the people asked where he came from – “the cast part of Kham”. That is how the name Sher-pa, meaning east people, came to be.... See more.
For 600 years, people have migrated from Tibet to these mountain valleys in Nepal. There was a time of great unrest in Tibet when many Lamas, their families and followers left their homes looking for new places to live. They settled in the mountain valleys of northern Nepal. These places came to be called Yolmo (Helambu), Langtang, and Khumbu. Now they live in the Solu-Khumbu district, Sagarmatha zone of Nepal. They live in the highest places. In the Khumbu, they number about 9500 with a total of roughly 55,000 living in all of Nepal. The Sherpa language (a dialect of Tibetan), literature, history and Philosophy came from old Tibetan religious books.
Today approximately 55,000 Sherpas live in Nepal and around 9500 of them live in the Khumbu region on the south side of Everest. Since the 1950s, tourism has become the dominant source of employment and income in the area. Many Sherpas, as well as people from other ethnic groups, work as part of the climbing and tourism industry. While the Sherpa people retain their Buddhist religion and many of their traditional practices, this shift in the local economy and way of life has necessarily meant changes in the Sherpa culture. Among these, there has been a shift from regarding climbing the mountain as blasphemous, to regarding it as a source of economic opportunity and pride. Sherpas hold many impressive Everest records, including most times summitted for men and women, quickest ascent, without oxygen ascent, quickest descent, and most time spent on top and youngest climbers to reach the summit.
Sherpa Religion and Culture:
In Solu-Khumbu the most common sect of Tibetan Buddhism is the Nyingmapa, the oldest tradition. Sherpa and Tibetan lamas taught this religion to the people and organized the communities. These Sherpa and Tibetan Ngakpa (lay lamas) brought teaching from Tibet to Khumbu that were from Books hidden by the founder of Tibetan Buddhism, Guru Rinpoche. Lamas called tertons are incarnations of Guru Rinpoche who rediscovered these hidden teachings. Ter means “spiritual treasure” in Tibetan. A lama named Rigdzin Godem found some of these books, the Chang-ter, hidden in northern Tibet. The other lama, Nyatak – Nyung, found the Lho-ter in southern Tibet. The terton, Terdak Lingpa found the books and wrote the texts used in the Sherpa’s Pujahs, religious rituals.
As more people came to Khumbu, traditions started that helped to unite the villagers and to project the valley. Daily life revolves around each village Gompa/Stupa (temple). Closely tied to Buddhist beliefs are their daily activates of farming, herding and trading. Since the 1950s they have worked for tourists and earned fame on climbing expeditions.
Sagarmatha (Everest) National Park:
Most of the part of Everest trekking is within the boundary of Sagarmatha( Everest) National Park. This national park is spread in an area of 1148 square kilometers in Himalayan ecological zone in the Khumbu region of Nepal. The park was established on July 19, 1976 and was inscribed as a Natural World Heritage Site in 1979. The Park includes the upper catchments areas of the Dudhkoshi and Bhotehoshi Rivers and is largely composed of rugged terrain and gorges of the high Himalayas, ranging from 2,860m at Lukla to the top of the world's highest Mountain - Everest at 8,848meters above the sea level. Other peaks above 6,000m are Lhotse, Cho Oyu, Thamserku, Nuptse, Amadablam and Pumori. In this national park barren land above 5,000 m (16,400 ft) comprises 69% of the park while 28% is grazing land and the remaining 3% is forested.
In Everest region you will find varieties of flora and fauna. In the lower forested zone, birch, juniper, blue pines, firs, bamboo and rhododendron grow. Above this zone all vegetation are found to be dwarf or shrubs. As the altitude increases, plant life is restricted to lichens and mosses. Plants stop to grow at about 5,750 meters (18,860 ft), because this is the permanent snow line in the Himalayas.
The forests of Everest (Sagarmatha) National Park provide habitat to at least 118 species of birds, including Himalayan Monal, Blood pheasant, Red-billed chough, and yellow-billed chough. This Park is also home to a number of rare mammal species, including musk deer, snow leopard, Himalayan black bear and red panda. Himalayan thars, langur monkeys, martens and Himalayan wolves are also found in the park.
Tengboche Monastery is a famous Tibetan Buddhist monastery located in the Tengboche village in Khumjung. This monastery is also known as Dawa Choling Gompa. Situated at 3,860 meters (12,687 ft), the monastery is also the largest Gompa in this region. The monastery was built in 1916 by Lama Gulu with strong links to its mother monastery known as the Rongbuk Monastery in Tibet. However, in 1934, it was destroyed by an earthquake and was subsequently rebuilt. In 1989, it was destroyed for a second time by a fire and then rebuilt with the help of volunteers and international assistance. In the background of this monastery there is good view of Mt. Amadablam, Mt. Everest, Mt. Nuptse, Mt. Tawache, Mt. Thamserku, Mt. Lhotse and others. In Everest trekking area apart from Tengboche monastery, Thame, Khumjung and Pangboche are some other famous monasteries.
Everest Gokyo Ri trek short itinerary
Day 01: Arrive in Kathmandu (1350m).
Day 02: Sightseeing of Kathmandu valley and trek preparation.
Day 03: Flight from Kathmandu to Lukla (2860m), and trek to Phakding (2640m), 4 hrs trek.
Day 04: Trek from Phakding to Namche bazaar (3445m), 5 to 6 hrs trek.
Day 05: Acclimatization in Namche Bazaar, also hike to Everest view hotel.
Day 06: Trek from Namche Bazzar to Phorse Village (3810 m) 5 to 6 hrs trek.
Day 07: Trek from Phorse Village to Machhermo(4450m), 5 to 6 hrs trek.
Day 08: Trek from Machharmo to Gokyo valley (4800m), 5 to 6 hrs trek.
Day 09: Climb Gokyo Ri (5480m) and hike to fifth lakes, 5 to 6 hrs hike.
Day 10: Trek back from Gokyo to Dole, 5 to 6 hours trek.
Day 11: Trek from Dole to Namche, 5 to 6 hours trek.
Day 12: Trek from Namche Bazaar to Lukla, 6 to 7 hrs trek.
Day 13: Fly back from Lukla to Kathmandu, 35 minutes.
Day 14: Final departure.
Trip cost: Please contact us and let us know how many of you are there in your group to do this trek then we will provide you all the necessary information with the cost details as per your group size.
Note: If above itinerary couldn't meet your needs, we can design a tailor-made itinerary to suit your needs. It is also possible to combine with some other activities such as Tibet tours, Bhutan tours, and Jungle safari in Nepal.