• Everest region trekking
  • Everest region trekking
  • Everest region trekking

Everest Region Trekking - Trek to Everest: Explore Mt Everest, Yak and Sherpa Culture

The world famous Everest region trekking provides a great opportunity to have exceptional experience in the Himalayas. Situated in eastern Nepal, this is the most popular trekking region in Himalaya that has a wide range of spectacular treks on the foothill of Mount Everest like Everest base camp trekking, Gokyo Lake trek, Everest three passes trek, Kalapathar trek, Everest view trek, Everest sunrise trek and many others. The Everest trekking region has lured thousand of adventure seekers to explore and experience high mountain valleys, old monasteries, Buddhist cultures and wonderful Sherpa villages and stunning views of the lofty snowy mountains of Mt. Everest (8848m), Mt. Lhotse (8516m), Mt. Makalu (8481m), Mt Ama Dabalam (6812m), Mt. Cho Oyu (8201m) and many more.

Everest region also known as Khumbu, is protected as the Sagarmatha National Park by the government of Nepal and in 1979 it was nominated as a UNESCO Natural World Heritage Site. The park is serene of hardy terrain with deep gorges, glaciers and gigantic rocks. Spread over an area of 1148 sq km, the park is home to the wildlife such as musk deer, Ghoral, Red panda, snow leopard, Himalayan Tar and many other wild animals. Nepali National bird Impeyan Pheasant and other birds like snow cock, the blood pheasant and red billed cough are also seen in the park. Fir, Juniper, Birch and rhododendron (Nepalese national flowers), are the beautiful plants of this region.

The original route to Everest region trekking initiates from Jiri but now most of trekkers prefer to a stunning flight to Lukla (2850m) from where the trek begins. While trekking from Lukla we will be surrounded by the breathtaking snow peaks and the trail is dotted with sacred Tibetan Buddhist Mani stones, colorful prayer flags and the occasional stupa (representing the mind of Buddha).  The winding  Dudh Koshi and Bhote Koshi rivers are beautiful glacier-fed aqua blue, combined by many tributaries supporting waterfalls.  Gradually we will reach to bustling Sherpa town of Namche Bazaar, to the most revered Tengboche Monastery, to crystal-clear Gokyo Lake, stunning Everest base camp and many other fantastic sites in the Everest region. On the way, we will share the trail with Yak trains and other exotic trekkers.

The best time to trek in the Everest region is from March to June and September to December. Now, the region is decorated by the simple guest house to high quality best lodges so we can make teahouse or lodge trekking.

Everest trekking attractions:

Sherpa people:
Sherpas: Sherpa means "easterner" because they came from the Kham in eastern Tibet. One of the first persons to come to Khumbu came by way of the Rolwaling valley and Tashi Lhapcha pass. He opened this valley so other people could come to settle. Later many families came from Tibet over the Nangpa La (pass). He came to Khumbu from Kham Salmo-Gang (east of Tibet). His clan was called Thimi. When he came to Tibet, the people asked where he came from – “the cast part of Kham”. That is how the name Sher-pa, meaning east people, came to be.... See more.

For 600 years, people have migrated from Tibet to these mountain valleys in Nepal. There was a time of great unrest in Tibet when many Lamas, their families and followers left their homes looking for new places to live. They settled in the mountain valleys of northern Nepal. These places came to be called Yolmo (Helambu), Langtang, and Khumbu. Now they live in the Solu-Khumbu district, Sagarmatha zone of Nepal. They live in the highest places. In the Khumbu, they number about 9500 with a total of roughly 55,000 living in all of Nepal. The Sherpa language (a dialect of Tibetan), literature, history and Philosophy came from old Tibetan religious books.

Today approximately 55,000 Sherpas live in Nepal and around 9500 of them live in the Khumbu region on the south side of Everest. Since the 1950s, tourism has become the dominant source of employment and income in the area. Many Sherpas, as well as people from other ethnic groups, work as part of the climbing and tourism industry. While the Sherpa people retain their Buddhist religion and many of their traditional practices, this shift in the local economy and way of life has necessarily meant changes in the Sherpa culture. Among these, there has been a shift from regarding climbing the mountain as blasphemous, to regarding it as a source of economic opportunity and pride. Sherpas hold many impressive Everest records, including most times summitted for men and women, quickest ascent, without oxygen ascent, quickest descent, and most time spent on top and youngest climbers to reach the summit.

Sherpa Religion and Culture
In Solu-Khumbu the most common sect of Tibetan Buddhism is the Nyingmapa, the oldest tradition. Sherpa and Tibetan lamas taught this religion to the people and organized the communities.  These Sherpa and Tibetan Ngakpa (lay lamas) brought teaching from Tibet to Khumbu that were from Books hidden by the founder of Tibetan Buddhism, Guru Rinpoche. Lamas called tertons are incarnations of Guru Rinpoche who rediscovered these hidden teachings. Ter means “spiritual treasure” in Tibetan. A lama named Rigdzin Godem found some of these books, the Chang-ter, hidden in northern Tibet. The other lama, Nyatak – Nyung, found the Lho-ter in southern Tibet. The terton, Terdak Lingpa found the books and wrote the texts used in the Sherpa’s Pujahs, religious rituals.

As more people came to Khumbu, traditions started that helped to unite the villagers and to project the valley. Daily life revolves around each village Gompa/Stupa (temple). Closely tied to Buddhist beliefs are their daily activates of farming, herding and trading. Since the 1950s they have worked for tourists and earned fame on climbing expeditions.  

Sagarmatha (Everest) National Park:
Most of the part of Everest trekking is within the boundary of Sagarmatha( Everest) National Park.  This national park is spread in an area of 1148 square kilometers in Himalayan ecological zone in the Khumbu region of Nepal. The park was established on July 19, 1976 and was inscribed as a Natural World Heritage Site in 1979. The Park includes the upper catchments areas of the Dudhkoshi and Bhotehoshi Rivers and is largely composed of rugged terrain and gorges of the high Himalayas, ranging from 2,860m at Lukla to the top of the world's highest Mountain - Everest at 8,848meters above the sea level. Other peaks above 6,000m are Lhotse, Cho Oyu, Thamserku, Nuptse, Amadablam and Pumori. In this national park barren land above 5,000 m (16,400 ft) comprises 69% of the park while 28% is grazing land and the remaining 3% is forested.

Flora:
In Everest region you will find varieties of flora and fauna. In the lower forested zone, birch, juniper, blue pines, firs, bamboo and rhododendron grow. Above this zone all vegetation are found to be dwarf or shrubs. As the altitude increases, plant life is restricted to lichens and mosses. Plants stop to grow at about 5,750 meters (18,860 ft), because this is the permanent snow line in the Himalayas.

Fauna:
The forests of Everest (Sagarmatha) National Park provide habitat to at least 118 species of birds, including Himalayan Monal, Blood pheasant, Red-billed chough, and yellow-billed chough. This Park is also home to a number of rare mammal species, including musk deer, snow leopard, Himalayan black bear and red panda. Himalayan thars, langur monkeys, martens and Himalayan wolves are also found in the park.

Tengboche monastery:
Tengboche Monastery is a famous Tibetan Buddhist monastery located in the Tengboche village in Khumjung. This monastery is also known as Dawa Choling Gompa. Situated at 3,860 meters (12,687 ft), the monastery is also the largest Gompa in this region. The monastery was built in 1916 by Lama Gulu with strong links to its mother monastery known as the Rongbuk Monastery in Tibet. However, in 1934, it was destroyed by an earthquake and was subsequently rebuilt. In 1989, it was destroyed for a second time by a fire and then rebuilt with the help of volunteers and international assistance. In the background of this monastery there is good view of Mt. Amadablam, Mt. Everest, Mt. Nuptse, Mt. Tawache, Mt. Thamserku, Mt. Lhotse and others. In Everest trekking area apart from Tengboche monastery, Thame, Khumjung and Pangboche are some other famous monasteries.

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