Everest Sherpa Cultural trek

Everest Sherpa cultural trek to the Sherpa land, a famous Khumbu region is the home of the indigenous Sherpas, the world’s most famous and brave mountaineers. The legendary Tengboche monastery, center of Sherpa Buddhist culture, holds pride of place in Himalayan Iconography. There is also the famous village of Namche Bazzar, a meeting place for Himalayan traders and yak herders. The greatest prize of all is definitely the breathtaking view of Everest (8848m), the highest mountain in the world. Our Everest Sherpa cultural trek begins at Lukla airport (2860m). The trail follows the course of the Dudh Koshi River (the river of milk) as it charges down the narrow gorges. On the way, we feel dwarfed by the mountains all around.  

Everest Sherpa Cultural trek

On Everest Sherpa Cultural trek, scared stones, Chortens, mani walls (boulders marked with Buddhist prayer inscriptions) and prayer flags mark the route. Yak caravans are frequently encountered and the precarious suspension bridges make us pause.   We may not meet a Himalayan Yeti, but Barking Deer, Musk Deer and the Himalayan Tahr can be seen grazing on the steep slopes. The Shaggy-coated Yak is the most famous animal in this region. The Hike from Namche to Everest view hotel is also the highlights of the trip. This is an amazing hiking to acclimatize yourself and the views from Everest view hotel is stunning! 

Namche Bazzar is an enchanting settlement set in a horseshoe-shaped mountain amphitheater. Its Saturday market is a social event where merchandise of daily use, meat, yak trail and butter are traded. Mountaineering souvenirs left behind by expeditions to Everest can also be found in the shops of Namche Bazzar.  Tengboche Monastery situated at an altitude of 3880m in a clearing surrounded by firs and rhododendrons. The view from here is a magnificent close-up of Everest, Nuptse (7861m), Lhotse (8516m), Ama Dablam (6812m), Kwangde (6187m) and Thamserku (6623m). A day at Khumjung will fill us with tales of the legendary Yeti and a view of Yeti’s scalp at the local monastery.

Everest trekking attractions:

Sherpa people:
Sherpas: Sherpa means "easterner" because they came from the Kham in eastern Tibet. One of the first persons to come to Khumbu came by way of the Rolwaling valley and Tashi Lhapcha pass. He opened this valley so other people could come to settle. Later many families came from Tibet over the Nangpa La (pass). He came to Khumbu from Kham Salmo-Gang (east of Tibet). His clan was called Thimi. When he came to Tibet, the people asked where he came from – “the cast part of Kham”. That is how the name Sher-pa, meaning east people, came to be.... See more.

For 600 years, people have migrated from Tibet to these mountain valleys in Nepal. There was a time of great unrest in Tibet when many Lamas, their families and followers left their homes looking for new places to live. They settled in the mountain valleys of northern Nepal. These places came to be called Yolmo (Helambu), Langtang, and Khumbu. Now they live in the Solu-Khumbu district, Sagarmatha zone of Nepal. They live in the highest places. In the Khumbu, they number about 9500 with a total of roughly 55,000 living in all of Nepal. The Sherpa language (a dialect of Tibetan), literature, history and Philosophy came from old Tibetan religious books.

Today approximately 55,000 Sherpas live in Nepal and around 9500 of them live in the Khumbu region on the south side of Everest. Since the 1950s, tourism has become the dominant source of employment and income in the area. Many Sherpas, as well as people from other ethnic groups, work as part of the climbing and tourism industry. While the Sherpa people retain their Buddhist religion and many of their traditional practices, this shift in the local economy and way of life has necessarily meant changes in the Sherpa culture. Among these, there has been a shift from regarding climbing the mountain as blasphemous, to regarding it as a source of economic opportunity and pride. Sherpas hold many impressive Everest records, including most times summitted for men and women, quickest ascent, without oxygen ascent, quickest descent, and most time spent on top and youngest climbers to reach the summit.

Sherpa Religion and Culture
In Solu-Khumbu the most common sect of Tibetan Buddhism is the Nyingmapa, the oldest tradition. Sherpa and Tibetan lamas taught this religion to the people and organized the communities.  These Sherpa and Tibetan Ngakpa (lay lamas) brought teaching from Tibet to Khumbu that were from Books hidden by the founder of Tibetan Buddhism, Guru Rinpoche. Lamas called tertons are incarnations of Guru Rinpoche who rediscovered these hidden teachings. Ter means “spiritual treasure” in Tibetan. A lama named Rigdzin Godem found some of these books, the Chang-ter, hidden in northern Tibet. The other lama, Nyatak – Nyung, found the Lho-ter in southern Tibet. The terton, Terdak Lingpa found the books and wrote the texts used in the Sherpa’s Pujahs, religious rituals.

As more people came to Khumbu, traditions started that helped to unite the villagers and to project the valley. Daily life revolves around each village Gompa/Stupa (temple). Closely tied to Buddhist beliefs are their daily activates of farming, herding and trading. Since the 1950s they have worked for tourists and earned fame on climbing expeditions.  

Sagarmatha (Everest) National Park:
Most of the part of Everest trekking is within the boundary of Sagarmatha( Everest) National Park.  This national park is spread in an area of 1148 square kilometers in Himalayan ecological zone in the Khumbu region of Nepal. The park was established on July 19, 1976 and was inscribed as a Natural World Heritage Site in 1979. The Park includes the upper catchments areas of the Dudhkoshi and Bhotehoshi Rivers and is largely composed of rugged terrain and gorges of the high Himalayas, ranging from 2,860m at Lukla to the top of the world's highest Mountain - Everest at 8,848meters above the sea level. Other peaks above 6,000m are Lhotse, Cho Oyu, Thamserku, Nuptse, Amadablam and Pumori. In this national park barren land above 5,000 m (16,400 ft) comprises 69% of the park while 28% is grazing land and the remaining 3% is forested.

In Everest region you will find varieties of flora and fauna. In the lower forested zone, birch, juniper, blue pines, firs, bamboo and rhododendron grow. Above this zone all vegetation are found to be dwarf or shrubs. As the altitude increases, plant life is restricted to lichens and mosses. Plants stop to grow at about 5,750 meters (18,860 ft), because this is the permanent snow line in the Himalayas.

The forests of Everest (Sagarmatha) National Park provide habitat to at least 118 species of birds, including Himalayan Monal, Blood pheasant, Red-billed chough, and yellow-billed chough. This Park is also home to a number of rare mammal species, including musk deer, snow leopard, Himalayan black bear and red panda. Himalayan thars, langur monkeys, martens and Himalayan wolves are also found in the park.

Tengboche monastery:
Tengboche Monastery is a famous Tibetan Buddhist monastery located in the Tengboche village in Khumjung. This monastery is also known as Dawa Choling Gompa. Situated at 3,860 meters (12,687 ft), the monastery is also the largest Gompa in this region. The monastery was built in 1916 by Lama Gulu with strong links to its mother monastery known as the Rongbuk Monastery in Tibet. However, in 1934, it was destroyed by an earthquake and was subsequently rebuilt. In 1989, it was destroyed for a second time by a fire and then rebuilt with the help of volunteers and international assistance. In the background of this monastery there is good view of Mt. Amadablam, Mt. Everest, Mt. Nuptse, Mt. Tawache, Mt. Thamserku, Mt. Lhotse and others. In Everest trekking area apart from Tengboche monastery, Thame, Khumjung and Pangboche are some other famous monasteries.

Everest Sherpa Cultural trek short itinerary

Day 01: Arrival in Kathmandu (1350m).
Day 02: A 35 min flight from KTM to Lukla (2880m) Trek to Phakding (2640m), 4 hrs trek.
Day 03: Trek from Phakding to Namche Bazaar (3445m), 6 hrs trek. 
Day 04: Rest day in and around Namche Bazaar.
Day 05: Trek from Namche Bazaar (3445m.) to Thame (3800m), 4 to 5 hrs trek.
Day 06: Trek from Thame to Khumjung (3790m), 5 hrs trek.
Day 07: Trek from Khumjung to Tengboche (3867m), 5 to 6 hrs trek.
Day 08: Trek from Tengboche to Namche Bazaar (3440m), 4 to 5 hrs trek.
Day 09: Trek from Namche Bazaar to Phakding, 4 hrs trek. 
Day 10: Trek from Phakding to Lukla, 3 to 4 hrs trek.
Day 11: Flight from Lukla to Kathmandu (1350m).
Day 12: Final Departure.

Trip cost: Please contact us and let us know how many of you are there in your group to do this trek then we will provide you all the necessary information with the cost details as per your group size.

Note: If above itinerary couldn't meet your needs, we can design a tailor-made itinerary to suit your needs. It is also possible to combine with some other activities such as Tibet tours, Bhutan tours, and Jungle safari in Nepal.

Everest Sherpa Cultural trek - itinerary

Day 01: Arrival in Kathmandu (1350m).
Upon your arrival at Kathmandu airport, one of our guides will greet you and transfer to hotel. Rest of the time will be on your own. In the evening, join a welcome dinner with one of our team leaders at a typical Nepali restaurant. Enjoy the meal having a nice conversation and short brief about your great Everest Sherpa Cultural trek. Overnight at hotel.

Day 02: A 35 min flight from KTM to Lukla (2880m) Trek to Phakding (2640m), 4 hrs trek.
Our early flight to Lukla today will take approximately 35 minutes; from here we will trek to Phakding, descending 200m over 4 hours.  We will catch a glimpse of some great mountains such as Nupla (5885m) above Kongde Ridge, Kusum Kang (6367m appears on the right a little later.  All along we will be following the northern (left) bank of the Dudh Kosi River.  It is important to take these first few days slowly to enable our body to acclimatize and to enjoy the passing scenery and culture. Overnight at a mountain lodge.

Day 03: Trek from Phakding to Namche Bazaar (3445m), 6 hrs trek.  
Today begins on level ground, relative to the environment in which we are!  We will cross the river on a high suspension bridge and begin to climb up to Monjo (2800m) and on to the gateway to the Sagamartha National Park Entrance in place to protect and preserve this beautiful environment.  There is a good rest stop on the way up where we will see people gathered, admiring the first real chance to see Mt. Everest in the distance. On the way up today we will be rewarded with views of Kusum Kangaru, Thamserku, Kwangde and Tawache Peak before eventually arriving at Namche after about 5 hours. Overnight at hotel or guest house.  

Day 04: Rest day in and around Namche Bazaar.
The main aim today is to allow our body to acclimatize, it is important to drink lots of water and take some gentle exercise.  Namche is a growing town tucked into a neat little valley, there is lots going on in the centre with market days on Friday and Saturday.  There are some interesting museums and shops.  There is also internet and a sauna!  We could venture further afield, take a visit to Khumjung where the Hillary school sits and Khunde nearby, on the way back to Namche we could visit the Shangboche airstrip, (3790m) the highest in the world nearby is the Everest View Hotel for stunning views.

Day 05: Trek from Namche Bazaar (3445m.) to Thame (3800m), 4 to 5 hrs trek.
Trek from Namche Bazaar to Thame (3800m.) and it takes about four and half hours. From Namche the route turns west and the trail is almost level as we head up the Bhote Koshi Valley, once a popular trading route into Tibet. Along the way we pass many prayer flags, mani walls and carved stones, all indicative of the Tibetan Buddhist culture of this area. After descending to the Bhote Koshi the trail climbs steeply to Thame. From here there are good views of the peaks of Teng Kangpoche and Kwangde and to the north is the Nangpa La, the pass leading to Tibet. Thame Gompa is situated above the village overlooking the valley and is the site for the spring celebrations of the Mani Rimdu festival. There is a monastery in Thame believed to have incarnated monks. Overnight at a mountain lodge.

Day 06: Trek from Thame to Khumjung (3790m), 5 hrs trek.
Trek from Thame to Khumjung, and it takes about five hours. We retrace our route down the Bhote Kosi Valley towards Namche and branch off to follow a quiet trail to Khumjung. It is a picturesque village, which also has its own Gompa at the top end of town. Here we can have excellent views of Thamserku, Kantega, Tawache and Ama Dablam. Overnight at a mountain lodge.  

Day 07: Trek from Khumjung to Tengboche (3867m), 5 to 6 hrs trek.
Trek from Khumjung to Tengboche which takes about five to six hours. The trail descends gently for early one hour to Sanasa (3550m.). Now we have a glimpse of first really good views of the great peaks of the Khumbu including Mt Everest, Nuptse, Lhotse, Ama Dablam, Thamserku and Kusum Kangaru. Passing by several villages and numerous teashops, the trail descends steeply to a bridge over the river Dudh Koshi at Phunki Tenga (3250m.).The village has an excellent place for lunch and we can take a short rest before making the steep climb to Tengboche. Although exhausting due to the zigzag path, the trek has numerous attractions like rhododendron bushes, beautiful birds chirping and superb mountain scenery making our trek exciting. Tengboche is famous for its legendary monastery, the largest in the Khumbu region. Overnight at a mountain lodge.  

Day 08: Trek from Tengboche to Namche Bazaar (3440m), 4 to 5 hrs trek.
Mostly downhill today it will take us 4 to 5 hours, there is a steep climb for about an hour before we encounter the scenic walk back into Namche.  From Khumjung we can pass through Khunde where we may enjoy a visit to the little monastery if you haven’t already. Overnight at a mountain lodge.  

Day 09: Trek from Namche Bazaar to Phakding, 4 hrs trek.  
A four hour walk, today we are descending steeply for the first half then on to Phakding, where we will spend the night. Overnight at guest house.  

Day 10: Trek from Phakding to Lukla, 3 to 4 hrs trek.
This is our final day trekking; it will take us around 3 to 4 hours to Lukla.  This evening we will have a farewell ceremony with our guides and porters where you will be able to sample some Chang and try some Sherpa dancing. Overnight at guest house.  

Day 11: Flight from Lukla to Kathmandu (1350m).
We will be on an early flight back this morning to Kathmandu, transferring to hotel, rest of the time will be on your own. In the evening join a farewell dinner with live culture show to celebrate Everest Sherpa cultural trek. Overnight at hotel.

Day 12: Final Departure.
After breakfast, transfer to international airport for your flight back to home. We wish you have a safe and sound flight and see you again in the future.

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Everest Sherpa Cultural trek Facts:

Activities: Trekking/hiking

Start/End: Kathmandu

Destination: Everest Region

Trip Duration:  12 days

Max. Altitude: 3880 meters

Group Size: Min. 1 / Max.12

Best Season: February to June, September, to December

Accommodation: Teahouse/guest house

Trip Grade: Moderate

Daily walking Hour: Approx. 4-6

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