Jiri Gokyo EBC Trek
Jiri Gokyo EBC trek visits both the base camp and Kalapather, including Gokyo Ri and the Chola pass with viewpoints recognized as the best mountain windows to get a stunning view of the mother of all peaks – Mt. Everest. This is a truly high altitude trek recommended for the fittest people with some previous experience of high altitude trekking. This highly adventurous odyssey taxes your physical abilities to the limit… at each elevation of the trail as you climb higher. As an adventure trekker you will be highly rewarded for your efforts with breathtaking views of Everest, Makalu, Cho Oyu, Ama Dablam and other famous peaks.
On Jiri Gokyo EBC trek, we begin our overland journey following the route of the first pioneers who began their trek exploits from Jiri; a busy little town and the gateway to the Solu Khumbu region but today, trekkers leave Kathmandu for Lukla by flight and climb again to Phakding. We cross the Dudh Koshi River four times, where a steep ascent to Namche bazaar is made. From here the trail passes through many Sherpa settlement with tremendous scenery. As we climb towards Gokyo we have super natural views down the valley of Kangtega and up towards Cho Oyu. The views from Gokyo are breathtaking with the best being obtained after a short climb above the lake. Similarly, hike to Gokyo Ri for the spectacular views of high Himalayas including Mt. Everest would a worth hike. Our next destination is Everest base camp, after exploring the world’s highest base camp we process our way back to Namche. On the way down we follow the valley’s eastern side to Phortse offering more spectacular scenery. From there the trail descends to Namche and then to Lukla, from where we will fly back to Kathmandu!
Everest trekking attractions:
Sherpas: Sherpa means "easterner" because they came from the Kham in eastern Tibet. One of the first persons to come to Khumbu came by way of the Rolwaling valley and Tashi Lhapcha pass. He opened this valley so other people could come to settle. Later many families came from Tibet over the Nangpa La (pass). He came to Khumbu from Kham Salmo-Gang (east of Tibet). His clan was called Thimi. When he came to Tibet, the people asked where he came from – “the cast part of Kham”. That is how the name Sher-pa, meaning east people, came to be.... See more.
For 600 years, people have migrated from Tibet to these mountain valleys in Nepal. There was a time of great unrest in Tibet when many Lamas, their families and followers left their homes looking for new places to live. They settled in the mountain valleys of northern Nepal. These places came to be called Yolmo (Helambu), Langtang, and Khumbu. Now they live in the Solu-Khumbu district, Sagarmatha zone of Nepal. They live in the highest places. In the Khumbu, they number about 9500 with a total of roughly 55,000 living in all of Nepal. The Sherpa language (a dialect of Tibetan), literature, history and Philosophy came from old Tibetan religious books.
Today approximately 55,000 Sherpas live in Nepal and around 9500 of them live in the Khumbu region on the south side of Everest. Since the 1950s, tourism has become the dominant source of employment and income in the area. Many Sherpas, as well as people from other ethnic groups, work as part of the climbing and tourism industry. While the Sherpa people retain their Buddhist religion and many of their traditional practices, this shift in the local economy and way of life has necessarily meant changes in the Sherpa culture. Among these, there has been a shift from regarding climbing the mountain as blasphemous, to regarding it as a source of economic opportunity and pride. Sherpas hold many impressive Everest records, including most times summitted for men and women, quickest ascent, without oxygen ascent, quickest descent, and most time spent on top and youngest climbers to reach the summit.
Sherpa Religion and Culture:
In Solu-Khumbu the most common sect of Tibetan Buddhism is the Nyingmapa, the oldest tradition. Sherpa and Tibetan lamas taught this religion to the people and organized the communities. These Sherpa and Tibetan Ngakpa (lay lamas) brought teaching from Tibet to Khumbu that were from Books hidden by the founder of Tibetan Buddhism, Guru Rinpoche. Lamas called tertons are incarnations of Guru Rinpoche who rediscovered these hidden teachings. Ter means “spiritual treasure” in Tibetan. A lama named Rigdzin Godem found some of these books, the Chang-ter, hidden in northern Tibet. The other lama, Nyatak – Nyung, found the Lho-ter in southern Tibet. The terton, Terdak Lingpa found the books and wrote the texts used in the Sherpa’s Pujahs, religious rituals.
As more people came to Khumbu, traditions started that helped to unite the villagers and to project the valley. Daily life revolves around each village Gompa/Stupa (temple). Closely tied to Buddhist beliefs are their daily activates of farming, herding and trading. Since the 1950s they have worked for tourists and earned fame on climbing expeditions.
Sagarmatha (Everest) National Park:
Most of the part of Everest trekking is within the boundary of Sagarmatha( Everest) National Park. This national park is spread in an area of 1148 square kilometers in Himalayan ecological zone in the Khumbu region of Nepal. The park was established on July 19, 1976 and was inscribed as a Natural World Heritage Site in 1979. The Park includes the upper catchments areas of the Dudhkoshi and Bhotehoshi Rivers and is largely composed of rugged terrain and gorges of the high Himalayas, ranging from 2,860m at Lukla to the top of the world's highest Mountain - Everest at 8,848meters above the sea level. Other peaks above 6,000m are Lhotse, Cho Oyu, Thamserku, Nuptse, Amadablam and Pumori. In this national park barren land above 5,000 m (16,400 ft) comprises 69% of the park while 28% is grazing land and the remaining 3% is forested.
In Everest region you will find varieties of flora and fauna. In the lower forested zone, birch, juniper, blue pines, firs, bamboo and rhododendron grow. Above this zone all vegetation are found to be dwarf or shrubs. As the altitude increases, plant life is restricted to lichens and mosses. Plants stop to grow at about 5,750 meters (18,860 ft), because this is the permanent snow line in the Himalayas.
The forests of Everest (Sagarmatha) National Park provide habitat to at least 118 species of birds, including Himalayan Monal, Blood pheasant, Red-billed chough, and yellow-billed chough. This Park is also home to a number of rare mammal species, including musk deer, snow leopard, Himalayan black bear and red panda. Himalayan thars, langur monkeys, martens and Himalayan wolves are also found in the park.
Tengboche Monastery is a famous Tibetan Buddhist monastery located in the Tengboche village in Khumjung. This monastery is also known as Dawa Choling Gompa. Situated at 3,860 meters (12,687 ft), the monastery is also the largest Gompa in this region. The monastery was built in 1916 by Lama Gulu with strong links to its mother monastery known as the Rongbuk Monastery in Tibet. However, in 1934, it was destroyed by an earthquake and was subsequently rebuilt. In 1989, it was destroyed for a second time by a fire and then rebuilt with the help of volunteers and international assistance. In the background of this monastery there is good view of Mt. Amadablam, Mt. Everest, Mt. Nuptse, Mt. Tawache, Mt. Thamserku, Mt. Lhotse and others. In Everest trekking area apart from Tengboche monastery, Thame, Khumjung and Pangboche are some other famous monasteries.
Jiri Gokyo EBC trek short itinerary
Day 01: Arrival at Kathmandu airport (1350m).
Day 02: Drive from Kathmandu (1350m) to Jiri (1905), 9hrs drive.
Day 03: Trek from Jiri (1905m) to Deurali (2705m), 4-5 hours walking.
Day 04: Trek from Deurali (2705m) to Sete (2400m), 6-7 hours walking.
Day 05: Trek from Sete (2400m) to Junbesi (2675m), 5-6 hours walking.
Day 06: Rest day at Junbesi.
Day 07: Trek from Junbesi (2675m) to Nunthala (2200m), 6-7 hours walking.
Day 08: Trek from Nunthala (2200m) to Bupsa (2350m), 6-7 hours walking.
Day 09: Trek from Bupsa (2350m) to Surkey (2400m), 5-6 hours walking.
Day 10: Trek from Surkey (2400m) to Phakding (2652m), 5-6 hours walking.
Day 11: Trek from Phakding to Namche Bazaar (3445m), 5-6 hours walking.
Day 12: Rest at Namche Bazaar for acclimatization, hike to Everest view hotel.
Day 13: Trek from Namche Bazaar to Thame (3800m), 5-6 hours walking.
Day 14: Trek from Thame to Khumjung (3790m), 5-6 hours walking.
Day 15: Trek from Khumjung to Dole (4040m), 5-6 hours walking.
Day 16: Trek from Dole to Machhermo (4150m), 5-6 hours walking.
Day 17: Trek from Machhermo to Gokyo (4750m), 4-5 hours walking.
Day 18: Another rest day at Gokyo.
Day 19: Trek from Gokyo to Gokyo Ri (5340m) back to Thangna (4650m), 4-5 hours walking.
Day 20: Trek from Thangna to Dzongla (4843m) via Chola pass (5420m), 5-6 hours walking.
Day 21: Trek from Dzonglo to Gorakshep (5180m) via Lobuche (4900m), 5-6 hours walking.
Day 22: Trek from Gorakshep to Everest Base Camp (5364m) to Gorakshep, 6 hrs walking.
Day 23: Trek from Gorakshep to Kala Patthar (5545m), trek to Pheriche (4250m), 8 hrs walking.
Day 24: Trek from Pheriche to Tengboche (3850m), 5-6 hours walking.
Day 25: Trek from Tengboche to Namche Bazaar (3445m), 5-6 hours walking.
Day 26: Trek from Namche Bazaar to Lukla (2880m), 6-7 hours walking.
Day 27: Fly from Lukla to Kathmandu, 35 minutes.
Day 28: Final Departure.
Trip cost: Please contact us and let us know how many of you are there in your group to do this trek then we will provide you all the necessary information with the cost details as per your group size.
Note: If above itinerary couldn't meet your needs, we can design a tailor-made itinerary to suit your needs. It is also possible to combine with some other activities such as Tibet tours, Bhutan tours, and Jungle safari in Nepal.