Kala Patthar and Everest base camp trek with Sherpa Guides
The trek to Kala Patthar and base camp of the world highest peak is justifiably the most popular and perhaps one of the best treks in the Khumbu region. The trek offers a magic blend of unique culture and tradition of friendly Sherpa people, monumental landscapes, awe-inspiring views of high mountains and strenuous journey that never fails to impress you.
Kala Patthar and Everest base camp trek is always been one of our most challenging and rewarding Himalayan treks. Since the trek is strenuous, the itinerary has plenty of rest days to ensure proper acclimatization.
Kala Patthar and Everest base camp trek commences in the vibrant city of Kathmandu, where you will be rewarded by the vast blend of culture, religions and picturesque experiences. On the next day, a 35 minute scenic flight from Kathmandu to mountain airstrip of Lukla, from where your trek into the Khumbu valley is really begins. Following a pleasant route, that will take you through Sagarmatha National park, tiny Sherpa villages, Khumbu valleys, legendary monasteries and over high Himalayan passes. On this trek, you are rewarded with stunning views of Mount Everest, Ama Dablam, Lhotse, Makalu, Thamserku and the mountain scenery of the Everest region. After a few days strenuous walk, you will reach non-technical Kala Patthar peak from where the views of Mt. Everest, Lhotse and Nuptse are breathtaking.
Furthermore you will spend another day at Everest Base Camp so that you may explore fully the base of top of the world. The journey that combines the best of Himalayan views with thrilling cultural experiences and the satisfaction of having achieved a physically demanding trail. Kala Patthar and Everest base camp trek is truly an amazing trekking to the highest mountain in the world.
Everest trekking attractions:
Sherpas: Sherpa means "easterner" because they came from the Kham in eastern Tibet. One of the first persons to come to Khumbu came by way of the Rolwaling valley and Tashi Lhapcha pass. He opened this valley so other people could come to settle. Later many families came from Tibet over the Nangpa La (pass). He came to Khumbu from Kham Salmo-Gang (east of Tibet). His clan was called Thimi. When he came to Tibet, the people asked where he came from – “the cast part of Kham”. That is how the name Sher-pa, meaning east people, came to be.... See more.
For 600 years, people have migrated from Tibet to these mountain valleys in Nepal. There was a time of great unrest in Tibet when many Lamas, their families and followers left their homes looking for new places to live. They settled in the mountain valleys of northern Nepal. These places came to be called Yolmo (Helambu), Langtang, and Khumbu. Now they live in the Solu-Khumbu district, Sagarmatha zone of Nepal. They live in the highest places. In the Khumbu, they number about 9500 with a total of roughly 55,000 living in all of Nepal. The Sherpa language (a dialect of Tibetan), literature, history and Philosophy came from old Tibetan religious books.
Today approximately 55,000 Sherpas live in Nepal and around 9500 of them live in the Khumbu region on the south side of Everest. Since the 1950s, tourism has become the dominant source of employment and income in the area. Many Sherpas, as well as people from other ethnic groups, work as part of the climbing and tourism industry. While the Sherpa people retain their Buddhist religion and many of their traditional practices, this shift in the local economy and way of life has necessarily meant changes in the Sherpa culture. Among these, there has been a shift from regarding climbing the mountain as blasphemous, to regarding it as a source of economic opportunity and pride. Sherpas hold many impressive Everest records, including most times summitted for men and women, quickest ascent, without oxygen ascent, quickest descent, and most time spent on top and youngest climbers to reach the summit.
Sherpa Religion and Culture:
In Solu-Khumbu the most common sect of Tibetan Buddhism is the Nyingmapa, the oldest tradition. Sherpa and Tibetan lamas taught this religion to the people and organized the communities. These Sherpa and Tibetan Ngakpa (lay lamas) brought teaching from Tibet to Khumbu that were from Books hidden by the founder of Tibetan Buddhism, Guru Rinpoche. Lamas called tertons are incarnations of Guru Rinpoche who rediscovered these hidden teachings. Ter means “spiritual treasure” in Tibetan. A lama named Rigdzin Godem found some of these books, the Chang-ter, hidden in northern Tibet. The other lama, Nyatak – Nyung, found the Lho-ter in southern Tibet. The terton, Terdak Lingpa found the books and wrote the texts used in the Sherpa’s Pujahs, religious rituals.
As more people came to Khumbu, traditions started that helped to unite the villagers and to project the valley. Daily life revolves around each village Gompa/Stupa (temple). Closely tied to Buddhist beliefs are their daily activates of farming, herding and trading. Since the 1950s they have worked for tourists and earned fame on climbing expeditions.
Sagarmatha (Everest) National Park:
Most of the part of Everest trekking is within the boundary of Sagarmatha( Everest) National Park. This national park is spread in an area of 1148 square kilometers in Himalayan ecological zone in the Khumbu region of Nepal. The park was established on July 19, 1976 and was inscribed as a Natural World Heritage Site in 1979. The Park includes the upper catchments areas of the Dudhkoshi and Bhotehoshi Rivers and is largely composed of rugged terrain and gorges of the high Himalayas, ranging from 2,860m at Lukla to the top of the world's highest Mountain - Everest at 8,848meters above the sea level. Other peaks above 6,000m are Lhotse, Cho Oyu, Thamserku, Nuptse, Amadablam and Pumori. In this national park barren land above 5,000 m (16,400 ft) comprises 69% of the park while 28% is grazing land and the remaining 3% is forested.
In Everest region you will find varieties of flora and fauna. In the lower forested zone, birch, juniper, blue pines, firs, bamboo and rhododendron grow. Above this zone all vegetation are found to be dwarf or shrubs. As the altitude increases, plant life is restricted to lichens and mosses. Plants stop to grow at about 5,750 meters (18,860 ft), because this is the permanent snow line in the Himalayas.
The forests of Everest (Sagarmatha) National Park provide habitat to at least 118 species of birds, including Himalayan Monal, Blood pheasant, Red-billed chough, and yellow-billed chough. This Park is also home to a number of rare mammal species, including musk deer, snow leopard, Himalayan black bear and red panda. Himalayan thars, langur monkeys, martens and Himalayan wolves are also found in the park.
Tengboche Monastery is a famous Tibetan Buddhist monastery located in the Tengboche village in Khumjung. This monastery is also known as Dawa Choling Gompa. Situated at 3,860 meters (12,687 ft), the monastery is also the largest Gompa in this region. The monastery was built in 1916 by Lama Gulu with strong links to its mother monastery known as the Rongbuk Monastery in Tibet. However, in 1934, it was destroyed by an earthquake and was subsequently rebuilt. In 1989, it was destroyed for a second time by a fire and then rebuilt with the help of volunteers and international assistance. In the background of this monastery there is good view of Mt. Amadablam, Mt. Everest, Mt. Nuptse, Mt. Tawache, Mt. Thamserku, Mt. Lhotse and others. In Everest trekking area apart from Tengboche monastery, Thame, Khumjung and Pangboche are some other famous monasteries.
Kala Patthar and Everest base camp trek short itinerary
Day 01: Arrival in Kathmandu (1350m).
Day 02: A Scenic flight from Kathmandu to lukla(2880m), trek to Phakding (2640m), 4 hrs walk.
Day 03: Trek from Phakding to Namche Bazaar (3445m), 5 to 6 hrs walking.
Day 04: Rest day at Namche Bazaar for acclimatization, hike to Everest view hotel.
Day 05: Trek from Namche Bazaar to Tengboche (3860m), 5 to 6 hrs walking.
Day 06: Trek from Tengboche to Dingboche (4260m), 5 to 6 hrs walking.
Day 07: Rest at Dingboche for acclimatization and excursion in and around the places.
Day 08: Trek from Dingboche to Lobuche (4900m), 6 to 7 hrs walking.
Day 09: Trek from Lobuche (4900m) to Gorakshep (5180m) and retrace back to Gorakshep.
Day 10: Trek from Gorakshep to Kala Patthar (5545m) and back to Pheriche (4243m), 6 hrs walk.
Day 11: Trek from Pheriche to Phortse (3750m), 4 to 5 hrs walking.
Day 12: Trek from Phortse (3750m) to Namche (3445m), 5 to 6 hrs walking.
Day 13: Trek from Namche to Monjo then to Lukla (2800m), 6 to 7 hrs walking.
Day 14: Fly from Lukla to Kathmandu, 35 minutes flight.
Day 15: Final departure.
Trip cost: Please contact us and let us know how many of you are there in your group to do this trek then we will provide you all the necessary information with the cost details as per your group size.
Note: If above itinerary couldn't meet your needs, we can design a tailor-made itinerary to suit your needs. It is also possible to combine with some other activities such as Tibet tours, Bhutan tours, and Jungle safari in Nepal.