Kala Patthar and Everest base camp trek with Sherpa Guides

The trek to Kala Patthar and base camp of the world highest peak is justifiably the most popular and perhaps one of the best treks in the Khumbu region. The trek offers a magic blend of unique culture and tradition of friendly Sherpa people, monumental landscapes, awe-inspiring views of high mountains and strenuous journey that never fails to impress you. 

Kala Patthar and Everest base camp trek

Kala Patthar and Everest base camp trek is always been one of our most challenging and rewarding Himalayan treks. Since the trek is strenuous, the itinerary has plenty of rest days to ensure proper acclimatization.    

Kala Patthar and Everest base camp trek commences in the vibrant city of Kathmandu, where you will be rewarded by the vast blend of culture, religions and picturesque experiences. On the next day, a 35 minute scenic flight from Kathmandu to mountain airstrip of Lukla, from where your trek into the Khumbu valley is really begins. Following a pleasant route, that will take you through Sagarmatha National park, tiny Sherpa villages, Khumbu valleys, legendary monasteries and over high Himalayan passes. On this trek, you are rewarded with stunning views of Mount Everest, Ama Dablam, Lhotse, Makalu, Thamserku and the mountain scenery of the Everest region. After a few days strenuous walk, you will reach non-technical Kala Patthar peak from where the views of Mt. Everest, Lhotse and Nuptse are breathtaking. 

Furthermore you will spend another day at Everest Base Camp so that you may explore fully the base of top of the world. The journey that combines the best of Himalayan views with thrilling cultural experiences and the satisfaction of having achieved a physically demanding trail. Kala Patthar and Everest base camp trek is truly an amazing trekking to the highest mountain in the world.

Everest trekking attractions:

Sherpa people:
Sherpas: Sherpa means "easterner" because they came from the Kham in eastern Tibet. One of the first persons to come to Khumbu came by way of the Rolwaling valley and Tashi Lhapcha pass. He opened this valley so other people could come to settle. Later many families came from Tibet over the Nangpa La (pass). He came to Khumbu from Kham Salmo-Gang (east of Tibet). His clan was called Thimi. When he came to Tibet, the people asked where he came from – “the cast part of Kham”. That is how the name Sher-pa, meaning east people, came to be.... See more.

For 600 years, people have migrated from Tibet to these mountain valleys in Nepal. There was a time of great unrest in Tibet when many Lamas, their families and followers left their homes looking for new places to live. They settled in the mountain valleys of northern Nepal. These places came to be called Yolmo (Helambu), Langtang, and Khumbu. Now they live in the Solu-Khumbu district, Sagarmatha zone of Nepal. They live in the highest places. In the Khumbu, they number about 9500 with a total of roughly 55,000 living in all of Nepal. The Sherpa language (a dialect of Tibetan), literature, history and Philosophy came from old Tibetan religious books.

Today approximately 55,000 Sherpas live in Nepal and around 9500 of them live in the Khumbu region on the south side of Everest. Since the 1950s, tourism has become the dominant source of employment and income in the area. Many Sherpas, as well as people from other ethnic groups, work as part of the climbing and tourism industry. While the Sherpa people retain their Buddhist religion and many of their traditional practices, this shift in the local economy and way of life has necessarily meant changes in the Sherpa culture. Among these, there has been a shift from regarding climbing the mountain as blasphemous, to regarding it as a source of economic opportunity and pride. Sherpas hold many impressive Everest records, including most times summitted for men and women, quickest ascent, without oxygen ascent, quickest descent, and most time spent on top and youngest climbers to reach the summit.

Sherpa Religion and Culture
In Solu-Khumbu the most common sect of Tibetan Buddhism is the Nyingmapa, the oldest tradition. Sherpa and Tibetan lamas taught this religion to the people and organized the communities.  These Sherpa and Tibetan Ngakpa (lay lamas) brought teaching from Tibet to Khumbu that were from Books hidden by the founder of Tibetan Buddhism, Guru Rinpoche. Lamas called tertons are incarnations of Guru Rinpoche who rediscovered these hidden teachings. Ter means “spiritual treasure” in Tibetan. A lama named Rigdzin Godem found some of these books, the Chang-ter, hidden in northern Tibet. The other lama, Nyatak – Nyung, found the Lho-ter in southern Tibet. The terton, Terdak Lingpa found the books and wrote the texts used in the Sherpa’s Pujahs, religious rituals.

As more people came to Khumbu, traditions started that helped to unite the villagers and to project the valley. Daily life revolves around each village Gompa/Stupa (temple). Closely tied to Buddhist beliefs are their daily activates of farming, herding and trading. Since the 1950s they have worked for tourists and earned fame on climbing expeditions.  

Sagarmatha (Everest) National Park:
Most of the part of Everest trekking is within the boundary of Sagarmatha( Everest) National Park.  This national park is spread in an area of 1148 square kilometers in Himalayan ecological zone in the Khumbu region of Nepal. The park was established on July 19, 1976 and was inscribed as a Natural World Heritage Site in 1979. The Park includes the upper catchments areas of the Dudhkoshi and Bhotehoshi Rivers and is largely composed of rugged terrain and gorges of the high Himalayas, ranging from 2,860m at Lukla to the top of the world's highest Mountain - Everest at 8,848meters above the sea level. Other peaks above 6,000m are Lhotse, Cho Oyu, Thamserku, Nuptse, Amadablam and Pumori. In this national park barren land above 5,000 m (16,400 ft) comprises 69% of the park while 28% is grazing land and the remaining 3% is forested.

Flora:
In Everest region you will find varieties of flora and fauna. In the lower forested zone, birch, juniper, blue pines, firs, bamboo and rhododendron grow. Above this zone all vegetation are found to be dwarf or shrubs. As the altitude increases, plant life is restricted to lichens and mosses. Plants stop to grow at about 5,750 meters (18,860 ft), because this is the permanent snow line in the Himalayas.

Fauna:
The forests of Everest (Sagarmatha) National Park provide habitat to at least 118 species of birds, including Himalayan Monal, Blood pheasant, Red-billed chough, and yellow-billed chough. This Park is also home to a number of rare mammal species, including musk deer, snow leopard, Himalayan black bear and red panda. Himalayan thars, langur monkeys, martens and Himalayan wolves are also found in the park.

Tengboche monastery:
Tengboche Monastery is a famous Tibetan Buddhist monastery located in the Tengboche village in Khumjung. This monastery is also known as Dawa Choling Gompa. Situated at 3,860 meters (12,687 ft), the monastery is also the largest Gompa in this region. The monastery was built in 1916 by Lama Gulu with strong links to its mother monastery known as the Rongbuk Monastery in Tibet. However, in 1934, it was destroyed by an earthquake and was subsequently rebuilt. In 1989, it was destroyed for a second time by a fire and then rebuilt with the help of volunteers and international assistance. In the background of this monastery there is good view of Mt. Amadablam, Mt. Everest, Mt. Nuptse, Mt. Tawache, Mt. Thamserku, Mt. Lhotse and others. In Everest trekking area apart from Tengboche monastery, Thame, Khumjung and Pangboche are some other famous monasteries.

Kala Patthar and Everest base camp trek short itinerary

Day 01: Arrival in Kathmandu (1350m).
Day 02: A Scenic flight from Kathmandu to lukla(2880m), trek to Phakding (2640m), 4 hrs walk. 
Day 03: Trek from Phakding to Namche Bazaar (3445m), 5 to 6 hrs walking. 
Day 04: Rest day at Namche Bazaar for acclimatization, hike to Everest view hotel.
Day 05: Trek from Namche Bazaar to Tengboche (3860m), 5 to 6 hrs walking. 
Day 06: Trek from Tengboche to Dingboche (4260m), 5 to 6 hrs walking. 
Day 07: Rest at Dingboche for acclimatization and excursion in and around the places.
Day 08: Trek from Dingboche to Lobuche (4900m), 6 to 7 hrs walking. 
Day 09: Trek from Lobuche (4900m) to Gorakshep (5180m) and retrace back to Gorakshep.
Day 10: Trek from Gorakshep to Kala Patthar (5545m) and back to Pheriche (4243m), 6 hrs walk. 
Day 11: Trek from Pheriche to Phortse (3750m), 4 to 5 hrs walking. 
Day 12: Trek from Phortse (3750m) to Namche (3445m), 5 to 6 hrs walking. 
Day 13: Trek from Namche to Monjo then to Lukla (2800m), 6 to 7 hrs walking.
Day 14: Fly from Lukla to Kathmandu, 35 minutes flight.
Day 15: Final departure.

Trip cost: Please contact us and let us know how many of you are there in your group to do this trek then we will provide you all the necessary information with the cost details as per your group size.

Note: If above itinerary couldn't meet your needs, we can design a tailor-made itinerary to suit your needs. It is also possible to combine with some other activities such as Tibet tours, Bhutan tours, and Jungle safari in Nepal.

Kala Patthar and Everest base camp trek - itinerary

Day 01: Arrival in Kathmandu (1350m).
Upon your arrival at Kathmandu airport, meet one of our trek leaders and transfer to hotel. Enjoy the evening with a welcome dinner offered by one of our team leaders. The short brief about your trek to Kala Pattar and Everest base camp will be given at the dinner time. Overnight at hotel.

Day 02: A Scenic flight from Kathmandu to lukla(2880m), trek to Phakding (2640m), 4 hrs walk.  
After breakfast at hotel, transfer to domestic airport for a flight to Lukla. Lukla is a small town with an airport. There are few tea shops, lodges, hotels and general stores from where our trek begins following a gentle climb up the mountainside on the left bank of the Dudh Koshi River. Nupla (5885m) can be seen in the distance on the opposite bank, is a peak atop the Kongde Ridge. We descend a mountainside path that merges into our route to Everest, with views to a valley to our right; and at its far end, Kusum Kang (6367m.) The Dudh Kosi approaches as we pass a Mani wall and arrive at Ghat teahouse. We continue along a small path with many ascends and descents following the left bank of Dudh Koshi to Phakding. Overnight at guest house.

Day 03: Trek from Phakding to Namche Bazaar (3445m), 5 to 6 hrs walking.  
We start our trek after a warm breakfast and cross the river on high suspension bridges. Beyond Monjo (2800m) is the entrance to the Sagarmatha National Park which was set-up in order to protect and preserve this fragile mountain environment. We then ascend quite steeply to Namche and along the way, if the weather is clear, catch a first glimpse of Mt Everest in the distance. We can also enjoy the view of Mt. Kusum Kangaru, Thamserku, Konde-Ri and Tawache peak. We can also visit some of the village monasteries on the way of trekking to Namche Bazaar. Namche is the main trading village in the Khumbu region and holds a busy Saturday market. There is set a meeting place for the Hindu traders from the lowlands and the Tibetan yak caravans that have reached there by crossing the glaciated Nangpa La. Overnight at hotel or guest house.

Day 04: Rest day at Namche Bazaar for acclimatization, hike to Everest view hotel.
 Namche Bazaar is tucked away between two ridges amidst the giant peaks of the Khumbu and has an abundance of lodges, tea shops and souvenir shops as well as a magnificent outlook. It is an ideal place to spend a rest day for acclimatization to the high altitude before heading off towards Tengboche. For the acclimatization we walk up to Khunde Hospital which was set-up by Sir Edmund Hillary, or a one hour walk up to the Syangboche (3800m) where Everest View Hotel is situated above Namche for the outstanding view of Everest, Nuptse, Lhotse, Ama Dablam, Thamserku and Kusum Kangaru. There are also good views from the National Park Centre and Museum just above the town. Overnight at guest house.

Day 05: Trek from Namche Bazaar to Tengboche (3860m), 5 to 6 hrs walking.  
From Namche, the trail contours around the side of the valley, high above the Dudh Koshi. Now we have a glimpse of first really good views of the great peaks of the Khumbu including Mt Everest, Nuptse, Lhotse, Ama Dablam, Thamserku and Kusum Kangaru. Passing by several villages and numerous tea shops, the trail descends steeply to a bridge over the river Dudh Koshi at Phunki Tenga (3250m).The village has an excellent place for lunch and we can take a short rest before making the steep climb to Tengboche. Although exhausting due to the zigzag path, the trek has numerous attractions like rhododendron bushes, beautiful birds chirping and superb mountain scenery making our trek exciting. Tengboche is famous for its legendary monastery, the largest in the Khumbu region. Overnight at guest house.

Day 06: Trek from Tengboche to Dingboche (4260m), 5 to 6 hrs walking.  
We gradually descend through a forest, cross the Imja Khola and climb steadily up to the village of Pangboche. This is directly opposite to Ama Dablam (6,856m), and has exceptional views of the mountain, with the Gompa, mani walls and scattered pine trees in the foreground. As we gradually ascend, we find thick forests. This part of the trail is full of thorny and juniper bushes. A further two and half hour’s walk brings us to Dingboche. Here we can see Sherpa people working hard in the agricultural farm. Overnight at guest house.

Day 07: Rest at Dingboche for acclimatization and excursion in and around the places.
Here we can steeply climb up to Nakartsang Gompa for the rare outstanding view of Mount Makalu (8463m.) along with Lhotse, Island Peak, Baruntse, Ama Dablam and Thamserku. The another option provided is a small side trip to Chhukung which takes about 2 and half hours to go up and 1 and half hours to come back to Dingboche. There are some of the lodges which serve you the delicious food items. Overnight at guest house.

Day 08: Trek from Dingboche to Lobuche (4900m), 6 to 7 hrs walking. 
The onward journey leads north for up to 50-minutes until we come to a mani-prayer Stupa and then takes a downward path to Pheriche village. Today's walk offers views of Mt.Tawache, Ama Dablam and to the north-Pokalde (5741m), Kongma-tse (5820m) and the great wall of Nuptse. After a two hours walk, the trail from Pheriche joins near Dugla (4595m). Stop at Dugla, for lunch, before continuing for an hour up a steep hill to the top, where there are views of Mt. Pumori and other peaks west of Everest. After a short break, continue (1 to 2 hours) of trekking up to Lobuche, hidden and sheltered from the wind. Overnight at tea house.   

Day 09: Trek from Lobuche (4900m) to Gorakshep (5180m) and retrace back to Gorakshep.
This takes about three and half hours. We take lunch at Gorakshep, take rest and if we feel fine, the participants can walk to Everest Base Camp (5486m.). We will spend about 4 and half hours trek up to Everest Base Camp and back to Gorakshep. The trek is on glacier and snow capped rocks. We can also see many small frozen lakes around the Everest Base Camp and return back to Gorakshep. Overnight at tea house.

Day 10: Trek from Gorakshep to Kala Patthar (5545m) and back to Pheriche (4243m), 6 hrs walk.  
We accomplish an early morning climb to Kala Patthar (5545m) to enjoy the view of sunrise. From Kala Patthar we can have a panoramic view of Mt. Everest and many other mountain peaks like Mt. Pumori, Mt. Lingtren, Mt. Khumbetse, Mt. Nuptse, Mt. Lhotse, Mt. Ama Dablam, Mt. Thamserku and many more. Pheriche is the place where we can make phone calls to any part of the world. We can see the mountain Yaks in Pheriche. Yaks are normally regarded as the porters in this area. The town of Pheriche is known as windy town. There we can see the perpendicular walls of Cholatse and Tawache. There is located Himalayan Rescue Association Aid Post and foreign volunteer doctors are to provide medical treatment to trekkers as well as local people. Overnight at tea house.  

Day 11: Trek from Pheriche to Phortse (3750m), 4 to 5 hrs walking.  
The trail descends to Pangboche and now the trail starts turning up and down in every half an hour to Phortse. On the way there is an opportunity to see wild life in and around the area like mountain goat, musk deer and many species of Himalayan birds. There are village monasteries in Pangboche and Phortse rich in cultural heritage of Sherpa people. Along this, we see an old monastery in Pangboche which is believed to have been established during 16th century. The Pangboche village is known to have highest permanent settlement throughout the year. Overnight at tea house in Phortse.

Day 12: Trek from Phortse (3750m) to Namche (3445m), 5 to 6 hrs walking.  
The trail here descends for early twenty minutes and ascends up steeply for almost one hour to Mongla (4000m). From this spot, we can see the panoramic view of Ama Dablam, Thamserku, Kusum Kangaru, Konde-Ri and Tawache peak. Now the trail descends and ascends frequently up to Khumjung. The Khumjung village is said to have the largest settlement of Khumbu region. There is well-equipped high school built by Edmund Hillary in 1960. Not limited to this, there is an old monastery where the skull of Yeti is believed to have preserved. The neighboring village of Khumjung is Khunde where a well equipped Hospital is built by Edmund Hillary in 1964. We continue descending to Namche Bazaar where we will spend our overnight at a cozy lodge.  

Day 13: Trek from Namche to Monjo then to Lukla (2800m), 6 to 7 hrs walking.
After breakfast we leave a beautiful town and follow the trail which really descends up to Monjo, we stop at Phakding to eat lunch. After lunch, we continue walking to Lukla crossing the Dudh Koshi river over suspension bridges. Overnight at guest house in Lukla. 

Day 14: Fly from Lukla to Kathmandu, 35 minutes flight.
After breakfast, we take a scenic flight back to Kathmandu. Upon arrival at Kathmandu airport we will be transferred to hotel. Rest and relax till evening. One of our team leaders will come to see you and take you for a fare well dinner at a typical Nepali restaurant. Enjoy the drinks, food and live culture show with your guide and crew host by Ram Kumar. Overnight at hotel.

Day 15: Final departure.
After breakfast, we will drop you to international airport for your flight back to home. We wish you have a safe and sound flight and see you again in the future.

Note: The above information is just a guide and standard pattern of what we provide. The trip can be tailored at your request to accommodate your specific requirements. On adventure trips of this type, weather, transport or a multitude of other factors beyond our control can result in a change of itinerary. It is, however, very unlikely that the itinerary would be substantially altered; if alterations are needed the person in charge will make a decision what is the best alternative, taking into consideration the best interests of the whole group. Where a change does arise, we do everything we can to reduce its effect, but we cannot be liable for the results of changes or delays.

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Further Information
Our website contains as much information as possible about this trip. However, if you have any questions regarding trip, please feel free to contact us. We answer all enquiries within 24 hours. If you want to book a trip, you can send us an email or contact us directly by phone: 0977 98510 36844 (Ram Kumar Adhikari).

Kala Patthar and Everest base camp trek Facts:

Activities: Trekking

Start/End: Kathmandu

Destination: Khumbu Region

Trip Duration:  15 days

Max. Altitude: 5545m meters

Group Size: Min. 1 / Max.12

Best Season: February, March, April, May, June, September, October, November & December

Trip Grade: Strenuous

Daily walking Hour: Approx. 4-6

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