Nepal at a glance

Nepal at a glance: Nepal is a combination of ancient history, vibrant cultures, and scenic splendor. Located between China and India, Nepal’s main geographical features include snow-capped peaks, lower mountains, hills and lush Terai plains of tropical jungles.

Nearly one- third of the total length of the Himalayas and 8 of the world’s 14 highest peaks are in Nepal. The landlocked country covers an area of 147,181 sq. kilometers ranging from 70 meters to the highest point at 8848 meters above sea level. Nepal’s popularity as a tourist destination has increased greatly over the years.

While trekking and mountaineering have long been popular, an entire range of other activities is carried out. With the variety of adventure options, the country is a favorite among adventure lovers.

Continent: Asia
Location: Situated between India and Tibet, an autonomous region of the people’s republic of China.
1.  Latitude:   26* 22′ and 30* 27′ North
2.  Longitude:   80* 4′ and 88* 12′ East
Area: 147,181 sq.kms
Capital: Kathmandu
Time Zone: 5 hours 45minutes ahead of GMT.
People: Nepal has more than 100 ethnic groups and over 125 spoken languages
Population: About 30 million
Population growth rate: 2.25 per annum
Currency: Nepali Rupees (approximately US$ 1 equal to 100)
Language: Nepali is the national language however travels trade people understand and speak English as Well.
Political System: Multiparty Democracy System
Topography: From the world’s deepest gorge Kali- Gandaki to the highest point on earth Everest.
Vegetation: Nepal possesses wide range of vegetation due to its unique topographical variation.
Weather: The climate ranges from tropical in the low lands to the Arctic in higher altitudes.
Season: Nepal has four major seasons:-
1) winter (December – February)
2)spring  (March-May)
3)summer (June – August)
4)Autumn ( September – November)
Nepal can be visited the whole year-round.
What to wear: The lightweight cloth is recommended for May through October, the warm garment is required In October – March, An umbrella or raincoat is a must for the rainy season.
Monsoon: It mostly rains day and night, making the following days crispy clean and fresh. Most of the Northern belt of the trans- Himalayan zone is rain shadowed and ideal for trekking especially such as Upper Mustang, Dolpo, Manaslu, Around Annapurna, etc.
Political System: Nepal has declared a Federal Democratic Republic state on May 28, 2008, during the first meeting of the Constituent Assembly. It was previously a multiparty democracy since 1990
National flower: Red Rhododendron (Laligurash)
National Animal: Cow
National Bird: Dafe (Impeyan Pheasant)
World Heritage Site (Cultural): 1, Kathmandu Durbar Square
2, Pashupatinath
3, Boudhanath
4, Swayambhunath (Monkey Temple)
5, Chagunarayan
6, Patan Durbar Square
7, Bhaktapur Durbar Square
8, Lumbini
World Heritage site (Natural): 1, Sagarmatha National Park (Everest Region)
2, Royal Chitwan National Park

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